What is mean by Epilepsy ?


What Is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes seizures. According to the Epilepsy Foundation, about 3.5 million Americans have paroxysm, making it the fourth most common neurological disease after migraines, stroke and Alzheimer’s. Epilepsy is defined as at least two unprovoked (or reflex) seizures occurring >24 hours apart.

If you have a seizure, it doesn’t mean you have paroxysm. However, two or more seizures may be a sign of paroxysm. Seizures may present various symptoms, such as sensory or involuntary motor symptoms, confusion, and convulsion with unconsciousness. Even a mild seizure can be unsafe if it happens during activities like swimming or driving.

What Causes Epilepsy?

Anyone can develop epilepsy, but more commonly caused by damage to brain cells from stroke, fever, dementia, infections, brain tumors, head trauma and genetics. This why new onset seizures are more common in people with age 65 years or older.  It can be quite difficult to determine the exact cause of someone’s paroxysm, and several tests may be needed.

Some people may be able to identify seizure triggers, such as lack of sleep, stress, bright/flashing lights, caffeine/alcohol/medicines or specific foods. And medicine used is Pregabalin 75 mg and Pregabalin 150 mg. In general, it’s most common in children and older adults. It’s also slightly more prevalent in women than men.

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