One of the most popular and successful guideline for designing kindergarten curriculum, Reggio Emilia Kindergarten model is widely practiced in kindergarten centers. Here are a few principles of Reggio Emilia Kindergarten model that can throw light on how kindergarten curriculum must be designed.
Fundamentals of the Reggio Emilia kindergarten model
Basically, the Reggio Emilia Kindergarten model was evolved to give an unconventionally unique approach to early childhood education. This model first originated in Italy in Reggio Emilia. Now, the schools all over the United States have subscribed to this model.
Typically, this model is applied to early childhood care centers and preschools. In fact, the basic principles of this model can be implemented in homes for parenting the children. This is also an easy to understand model that can be implemented without any special training. To adopt this model in your daycare center or home, you must get to know the fundamental principles of the Reggio Emilia Kindergarten model.
1) Children are capable of constructing their own learning
By nature, children are driven by their interests. If we devise some strategies to utilize them, we can make the children understand very well. In this way, we can tailor make the teaching strategies to suit the needs of every child.
2) Children learn predominantly through social interactions
Predominantly, children learn through interactions. Therefore, the Reggio Emilia model heavily focuses on facilitating social collaborations and encouraging children to participate in group activities. The point is to make them learn by communicating with others.
3) A child’s environment is the best teacher
Though human teachers and parents play a crucial role in teaching the kids, a child’s environment is the best teacher it learns a lot from. It is important to provide an environment for every kid for learning and playing. Such an atmosphere can be stimulating and can promote the children’s knowledge and learning.
4) Adults are the guides of children
One of the five important principles of Reggio Emilia Kindergarten model is that adults are the guides of children. We can say the Reggio Emilia model is a child centered model and it acknowledges the crucial role of the adults – whether teachers or parents or the society, in teaching the kids and guiding them in the path of enhancing their creativity and learning.
5) It is important to document the thoughts of children
Documenting the thoughts of children is an important prescription given by the Reggio Emilia kindergarten model. There are different ways in which children can be motivated to make their ideas visible. Some of these ideas include writing, painting and taking photographs. One of the biggest focuses of the Reggio Emilia Kindergarten model is documenting the thought progressions of kids as the children start learning.
Children interact in several languages. There are different ways in which children communicate with the world around them. Understanding the thoughts and feelings of children is crucial in gauging the amount of learning they have achieved. The most important feature of the Reggio Emilia Kindergarten model is to motivate children to explore all of these different aspects so that their learning and communication can be augmented in an effective and systematic way.
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